This bill was introduced a day after the FAA announced a new planned policy that would require aviation medical examiners (AMEs) to calculate the Body Mass Index (BMI) – a method for identifying obesity and a measurement that is related to risk of sleep apnea – for every pilot. Under the terms of the planned policy, pilots with a BMI of 40 or more would need to be evaluated by a physician who is a board-certified sleep specialist, and, if diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, treated before they could be medically certified.
By BEN SPENCER
- Switch works by regulating neurons in the brain when the body is tired
- They demonstrated the theory on fruit flies, creating insomniac insects
- Scientists believe there is a similar group of neurons in the human brain
- Researchers are now trying to find out how to activate the sleep switch
Scientists think they have discovered the switch in the brain that tells our bodies when to go to sleep.
The discovery, made by neurologists at Oxford University, could pave the way for a treatment to combat sleep disorders such as insomnia.
The scientists think the switch works by regulating neurons, or nerve cells, in the brain.
Described as a ‘homeostat’ which can tell when someone has been awake for too many hours, the mechanism fires when the body is tired.
Scientists think they have discovered the switch in the brain that tells our bodies when to go to sleep
Professor Gero Miesenböck, whose team conducted the research, said: ‘When you’re tired, these neurons in the brain shout loud and they send you to sleep.’
The researchers demonstrated the theory on fruit flies, removing the switch to create insomniac insects.Read More
Published In Medical News
October 10, 2013
Lancet Neurology, a prestigious journal in its domain, publishes in its last issue, an article entitled “Pitolisant versus placebo and modafinil in patients with narcolepsy: a double-blind randomised trial” authored by Y. Dauvilliers and others from the HARMONY I study group which proposes a novel treatment for this orphan disease. It is accompanied by a Commentary entitled “A need for new treatments in narcolepsy”.
Narcolepsy is a rare disabling disorder mainly characterised by Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) and cataplexy, a sudden loss of muscular tone following various emotions. Present treatments comprise psychostimulants, like modafinil or amphetamine-like compounds, to fight EDS and sodium oxybate or antidepressants against cataplexy attacks. However these treatments are not fully satisfactory in terms of efficacy, tolerance or administration.
Pitolisant is the first representant of a new class of drugs to be introduced in the clinics, the histamine H3-receptor antagonists; it was designed in 3 European academic laboratories and developed by Bioprojet, a small independent French pharmaceutical company.Read More
To compare the effect of conventional humidification with ThermoSmart™ heated breathing tube humidification on sleep quality and patient symptoms.
- 19 OSA patients, prospectively recruited.
- Patients underwent two full nights of polysomnography (PSG), in a cool room, whilst on CPAP at their pre-determined therapeutic pressure. Their first night was randomized to either conventional heated humidification or ThermoSmart™ heated breathing tube humidification. Patients crossed over to the alternative treatment arm on their second night.
- PSG parameters were analyzed to determine objective quality of sleep and subjective questionnaires were administered to determine patient symptoms/side effects of therapy.
If condensation forms in the CPAP tubing system sleep quality is considerably reduced. When using CPAP therapy in a cool room, the use of a heated humidifier with a heated breathing tube improves sleep quality and subjective symptom scores.Read More
Physician Uses Varied Treatments For Fibromyalgia
Iron deficiency can cause restless leg syndrome
Source: Sun Star
Mysteries of Insomnia to be Explored by National Institutes of Health Conference
Somaxon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Initiates Phase III Clinical Trials of SILENOR in Patients with Insomnia
Source: Business Wire (press release)
Hot Flashes and Insomnia
Source: Christian Post
Too Many Use Alcohol to Treat Insomnia